Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions

PART II

R E A D E R

Тексты для чтения (I, II семестр).

TEXT 1

Russia.

Once the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) has been an independent country since the dissolution of the union in December 1991. The official name of the country is the Russian Federation now. With Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions an area of 17 075 400 square kilometres, Russia is the world’s largest country, covering almost twice the territory of either the United States or China. It ranks sixth in the world in population, following China, India, the United States, Indonesia and Brazil. The great majority of the people are Russians but Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions there also are some 70 smaller national groups living within its borders.

On its northern and eastern sides Russia is bounded by the Arctic and Pacific oceans, and it has small frontages in the northwest on the Baltic Sea at St. Petersburg and at the detached Russian oblast (province Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions) of Kaliningrad. On the south it borders on North Korea, China, Mongolia and the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Georgia. On the southwest and west it borders on the former Soviet republics of Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia and Estonia, as well as Finland and Norway. Kaliningrad (formerly Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions a part of what was once East Prussia annexed in 1945) abuts Poland and Lithuania.

The capital of the Russian Federation is Moscow, which was also the capital of the Soviet Union.

Historically, the territory of European Russia was the core of the expanding Russian state suffered from attacks ranging from that Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions of the Mongol hordes in the 13th century to the Nazi invasion of World War II.

This historical heritage together with its vast area and natural wealth, which permitted the development of a large-scale industrial economy, gave Russia a unique place of leadership among the former Soviet Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions republics. Its brooding landscapes and the complexities of the prerevolutionary society inspired the prose and music of such giants of world culture as A.Chekhov, A.Pushkin, L.Tolstoy and P.I.Tchaikovsky, while the October Revolution (of 1917) and the vast changes it brought were reflected in the works Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions of such noted figures as V.Mayakovsky, M.Gorky, M.Sholokhov and A.Solzhenitsyn.

I. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What is the official name of the country?

2. What oceans is the country washed by?

3. What countries does Russia border on?

4. What is the territory of the country?

5. What is Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions the capital of the Russian Federation?

II. Правильно либо ошибочно?

1. The official name of the country is the Russian Federation now.

2. On its northern and eastern sides Russia is bounded by the Arctic and Pacific oceans, and it has small frontages in the northwest on the Baltic Sea at Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions St. Petersburg and at the detached Russian oblast (province) of Kaliningrad.

3. It ranks forth in the world in population, following China, India and the United States.

4.On the south it borders on South Korea, China, Mongolia, Afganistan and the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Georgia.

5. The capital Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions of the Russian Federation is St. Petersburg, which was also the capital of the Soviet Union.

6.Its brooding landscapes and the complexities of the prerevolutionary society inspired the prose and music of such giants of world culture as A.Chekhov, A.Pushkin, L.Tolstoy and P.I.Tchaikovsky Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions.

TEXT 2

Moscow - the capital of Russia.

Moscow, one of the beautiful and ancient cities of Russia, became our capital in March 1918. It is the centre of the political, economic and cultural life of the Russian Federation. The whole world knows Moscow as the seat of the RF Government, and as Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions a city of great historical interest which contains many rare treasures.

Coming to the capital for the first time everybody goes at once to see Moscow’s Red Square and the Kremlin.

In the Kremlin the visitors see wonderful illustrations to the history of Russia between the 15th and 19th Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions centuries. The most famous of the Kremlin’s 19 towers is the Spassky Tower over the Spassky Gate, with its great clock. The radio transmits its chimes to the whole world.

The appearance of the Moscow streets is like that of any other large modern city. The Moscow Underground is the most Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions convenient transport system with a network of lines to every part of the city. There are numerous museums, cinemas, theatres and art exhibitions in Moscow.

Besides the famous Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, there are dozens of smaller stadiums in the capital where thousands of people strengthen their health, perfect Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions their sportive skill. There are many sports societies in the capital such as Spartak, Dynamo, Torpedo, Burevestnik, Lokomotiv and many others whose members defend the sporting honour of this country here and abroad.

Wonderful sports palaces and clubs have appeared in our capital recently. There are hundreds of Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions stadiums, ski bases, watersport stations, gymnasia, tennis, volleyball, basketball courts and fitness centres.

I. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. When did Moscow become our capital?

2. Where does everybody coming to the capital for the first time go to?

3. What do the visitors see in the Kremlin?

4. What is the most famous Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions of the Kremlin’s 19 towers?

5. What does the world fairly well know?

6. Are there numerous museums, cinemas, theatres and art exhibitions in Moscow?

7. What спорт societies are there in Moscow?

II. Воткните слова и словосочетания.

chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions

1. The Moscow Underground is the Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions … transport system with a network of lines to every part of the city.

2. There are dozens of smaller stadiums in the capital where thousands of people … their health, perfect their sportive skill.

3. Coming to the capital for the first time everybody goes … to see Moscow’s Red Square and Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions the Kremlin.

4. There are numerous museums, cinemas, theatres and … in Moscow.

5. The radio transmits its … to the whole world.

TEXT 3

Great Britain.

The official title of the country is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is composed of four parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast respectively. England, the southern and central part of the island, forms the main part of the country. Wales lies on the mountainous peninsula in the west. Scotland is in the northern part of the island. Its original inhabitants are of Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions Celtic origin. In the past Scotland was an independent kingdom. Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom as an autonomous region with its own Parliament.

Britain’s flag is called the “Union Jack”. It is really three flags on top of each other- the red cross Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions on white of St George for England, the white “X” on blue of St Andrew for Scotland and the red “X” on white of St Patrick for Ireland.

London, the capital of Great Britain, is the largest city in Europe. The name “London” is of Celtic origin. The Romans called the Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions place “Londinium”, and enclosed it in a wall, parts of which still remain. London may be said to have three distinct parts: the City, the West End, the East End and Westminster. They are very different from each other and seem to belong to different towns and epochs Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions. The oldest part of London is the City with its narrow streets. It is the business and financial centre of the whole country. A lot of banks and offices are situated here.

The name “West End” is associated with the rich. Here are the finest theatres, cinemas and concert halls Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions, the largest department stores, the most fashionable hotels. The East End is unattractive but very important to the country’s economy.

I. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. What is the official name of the country?

2. What parts is the United Kingdom composed of?

3. What can you say about Britain's Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions flag?

4. There are four parts in London, aren’t there?

II. Закончите предложения как в тексте.

1. They are very different from each other…

2. It is really three flags on top of each other-…

3. Here are the finest theatres, cinemas…

4. The Romans called the place…

III. Правильно либо ошибочно?

1. The Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions name “West End” is associated with the poor.

2. In the past Scotland was an independent kingdom.

3. London, the capital of Great Britain, is the largest city in Asia.

4. London may be said to have three distinct parts: the City, the West End, the East End and Westminster.

5. Wales, the southern Chimes, strengthen, most convenient, at once, art exhibitions and central part of the island, forms the main part of the country.

TEXT 4


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